The Harbin pilot project was hold by sino-Euro Joint Studio of Ice Architecture Construction
which included professors and students from Eindhoven university of technology, Harbin institute
of technology(HIT), KU Leuven. The site was located on the campus of HIT. 47 students participated
in the construction of an ice dome with 4.6 meters high and the diameter of 11 meters, two ice
towers with 5 meters high and a couple of ice architecture models.
The design process was divided into two parts: First is the ice dome and tower design with specific
goals by the core team and the other part is the open design with self target by each group of students.
The aim of ice dome and tower design is to use ice and snow composite material and the technology of
inflatable membrane and ice spray forming to realize the construction of the ice shell.
Meanwhile verify the performance of the ice shell on the span and height in order to lay the foundation
for further design and construction of large-scale ice shell buildings.The cooperation of architecture
students and civil engineering students went well and finally,six design groups completed six models
with different shapes as a scale of 1m x 1m.
References:Peng Luo,Lu Yuana, Wang Kaia, Yue Wub, Arno Pronk,Ice Architectural Design Teaching by Construction——Review
of Sino-Euro Joint Studio of Ice Architecture Construction,Hamburg:International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures,2017
Pre-inflation of ice dome and towers with gas filled membrane structure,anchorage of the foundation,
ice composites spray forming and the process of leaking the gas filled membrane. The students were
seperated into two coordination groups: the indoor group and the outdoor group. The main work of the
indoor group students was to make ice composite materials and control the pumping equipment; the main
work of the outdoor group was construction.There were a series of problems that had not been estimated
in the design process.Some of these problems were not expected in the design process or had a different
situatio between the design and practice process; some were expected, but can not be achieved in the